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Mourning Dove

(Turtle Dove, Carolina Dove)

Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Zenaidura
Species: macroura

 
Mourning Dove, R. Bruce Horsfall, A Year with the Birds, Alice E. Ball, 1916

 R. Bruce Horsfall 

 
La. columba pigeon, dove
La. forma form, shape, kind
La. Zenaida for Zenaide
     Laetitia Julie Princess
     Bonaparte, wife of French
     ornithologist Prince Charles
     Bonaparte
Gr. makros long
Gr. oura tail
 
About twelve inches long. Grayish bluish brown upper parts with irregular black wing spots.

Black spot on the cheek and a long narrow tail. Light creamy gray underside.

Smaller than their pigeon cousins, they look somewhat distorted with their proportionately small head that bobs when walking.

Abundant, numbering in the hundreds of millions, inhabiting woodlands, groves, open areas, farms, towns and cities in North America from southern Canada, throughout the States, Central America to Panama and the Caribbean.
 

    USGS Mourning Dove Map

 
Makes nests out of flimsy piles of loose sticks on horizontal tree branches, stumps, bushes, rocks, on the ground, on building ledges and in platform style nest boxes.

Lays two white eggs (rarely more), which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another two weeks. Regularly raise a second brood and sometimes as many as four in a season.

Pairs mate for life and remain solitary, mostly keeping to themselves and their immediate families during breeding and rearing seasons until the more northern located doves gather into small flocks before migrating. 

Funky walkers, their heads bob as they forage on the ground for grass seeds and grain. Flocks frequents roadways, city streets and yards seaching for gravel.

BI Mourning Dove laf50.jpg (6085 bytes)


Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Fifty Common
Birds of Farm and Orchard, 1913

They sing the slow melancholy series of five whoos that give them their name.   Their wings emit a rhythmic whistling in swift flight as fast as 35 miles per hour.

If Mourning Doves can be attracted to a platform, they prefer the wide angle of view from an open nesting platform mounted on a wall.  They frequently live near people and are candidates for platforms located for great views of brood rearing.

The platform for Mourning Doves and Robins has an 8" by 8" base, approximately a 8" ceiling, an open front and partially open sides. The gable roof provides extra head room for doves, as they are larger than the other platform nesters.

Mount this platform on the side of a garage or shed over looking both open spaces and foliage in your back yard from seven to fourteen feet high. Carefully select a location that provides a balance of protection from predators, elements, access, visibility, and varying sunlight.

Make sure objects that cats and squirrels can climb do not provide access to the nest. The idea is to simulate a ledge on the face of a cliff. They like to survey a wide berth from their roost.

You are more likely to attract a pair of Robins than Doves, but in some circumstances, in just the right spot, Doves will nest on platforms.  Attract nesting Mourning Doves to a tree by forming an 8" diameter cup from hardware cloth (being careful to bend the end wires back on the underside) and nailing in the fork of tree branches.  Robins,   PhoebesBlue Jays,   Barn Swallows and  Song Sparrows may use this nesting platform.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Print Free Bird Platform Plans

 

Covered Platform For Robins, Phoebes and Blue Jays             Covered Platform for Mourning Doves, Robins, Phoebes and Blue Jays

 

Covered Platform for Eastern, Say's and Black Phoebes             Open Platform for Robins, Phoebes, Mourning Doves and Blue Jays

Barn Swallow Ledge with Gable Roof            Barn Swallow Ledge

 

18 Birds that Nest on Platforms             55 Birds that Nest in Boxes

 

Birds that Nest in Bird Houses and Platforms in Cities and Towns            Nestboxes For More Thank 50 North American Birds

 

Feeding Birds - Seed, Suet, Fruits, Nectar, Meal Worms, Plants, Shrubs, Fruit Trees, Feeders           Bird-Fruit Chart, Gilbert H. Trafton's List of Birds and Fruits They Eat

 

 

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